Vedas an ancient Indian history

Updated: Aug 23, 2021

As we are growing as a Vedic Metal band, the fusion of our Vedic culture and metal genre is opening a deep meaning of the term Vedic Metal to us. Most of the world is aware of what is Metal, what they less understood is 'Vedic'. The term Vedic derived from term 'Vedas' which are ancient Hindu scriptures. So here we will disclose some information of Vedas.


Vedas, which are the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, have the highest place in Hindu culture. It is the religious texts composed in Vedic Sanskrit. Hindus believe the Vedas to be ‘apaurusheya’, which means ‘not of a man’, ‘impersonal’, ‘authorless’. According to Hindu mythology, God has first created Brahma at the beginning of creation and then transmitted the Vedas to him orally. Various Darshaniks (philosophers) and Rishis (sages) acquired the knowledge of the Vedas from Brahma through oral transition thereafter, and passed it on to the next generations through the Guru-Shishya (Guru means Teacher and Shishya means Student) tradition. The word ‘Veda’ is derived from the root 'Vid' (विद्‍). The Sanskrit word ‘vid’ (विद्‍) means 'to know' or 'to acquire knowledge'. Hindus believe that everything that exists in this entire universe is contained in the Vedas and that what is not contained in the Vedas does not exist.

Another name for the Vedas is ‘Shruti’ which means ‘knowledge gained by hearing’. Vedic Rishis who heard the primordial sounds have memorized the Vedas and initiated the oral transition according to the Guru-Shishya tradition for several millennia. If we look at the motives of Hindu philosophers in memorizing the Vedas even though they are aware of the art of writing, it seems that they knew the power contained in every word of the Vedas. That’s why they emphasized on the ‘proper articulation and pronunciation’ of the Vedic sounds. This is because of the Guru-Shishya tradition for oral transition of Vedas, we can hear those words of antiquity as it is even today.

One should performed karma for the benefit of humanity with an unbiased approach because bias gives birth to evil, which creates thousands of obstacles in our path. – Rig Veda

According to tradition, Maharshi Vyasa is the compiler of the Vedas, who arranged the four kinds of mantras into four Samhitas (Vedas). These four Vedas are

1) Rigveda

2) Yajurveda

3) Samveda

4) Atharvaveda

The Rigveda is the oldest of the four Vedas. With the help of modern technology, the Rigveda dates back to BC 10000 to BC 25000. The entire Rigveda is divided into 10 mandals. Each mandal is composed of a few Suktas and each Sukta is composed of a few Richas. The total number of Richas in Rigveda is 10627. Many mysteries of creation are found in Rigveda. It also contains Suktas with descriptions and praises of various deities. The Yajurveda contains mainly mantras related to Yajnakarya. The total number of these mantras is 1975. The Samaveda contains Richas related to Indian musicology. Singing of these Richas is called as Samagayan. The number of mantras in Samaveda is 1875. Atharvaveda covers many subjects like Mathematics, Science, Ayurveda, Sociology, Agriculture, etc. The total number of mantras in Atharvaveda is 5977.

-by Anuprita Mande

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